Here’s why that’s important:
- The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
- The primary structures in the limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, basal ganglia, and cingulate gyrus. The amygdala is the emotional center of your brain. It controls your body’s fight-or-flight response. The hippocampus plays an essential role in the formation of new memories and seems to be involved in some mental illnesses, like schizophrenia and depression.
- The brain stem is at the bottom posterior part of the brain joining to your spinal cord. The nerve connections of the motor and sensory systems from the main part of the brain to the rest of your body pass through the brainstem. Therefore, it’s one of the most vital regions for your body’s survival. It regulates control of the heart and lungs and coordinates many other important bodily reflexes.